Medication & Pregnancy
As a general rule, no drug should be taken during pregnancy unless the benefit of that medication is significant. The first 12 weeks of a pregnancy are the most crucial time for development of the baby. Therefore, no medications (other than prenatal vitamins) should be taken unless the benefit outweighs the risks.
Medications safe to take during pregnancy:
|Cold, Stuffy Nose, Cough||Saline Nasal Spray, Neti Pot, Sudafed (only AFTER first trimester), Mucinex|
|Allergies||Benadryl, Zyrtec, Claritin|
|Sore Throat||Cepacol, Chloraseptic Lozenges|
|Heartburn||Tums, Mylanta, Maalox, Pepcid, Zantac, Tagamet|
|Constipation||Metamucil, Colace, Surfak, Milk of Magnesia, Miralax, Dulcolax Suppository|
|Hemorrhoids||Tucks, Anusol HC, Preparation H|
|Rash, Poison Ivy||Benadryl, Hydrocortisone Ointment|
Multivitamins, Mineral Supplements, and Low-Dose Aspirin:
- Take a prenatal vitamin that includes at least 800 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid, 200-400 IU of Vitamin D, and 220 mcg of iodine.
- Take one low-dose (81 mg) aspirin daily. Begin by 12 weeks gestation. This will decrease the risk of pre-eclampsia.
- If you do not consume two to three servings of dairy daily, take a calcium supplement (1200 mg).
- Choline – can promote fetal brain development. This is found in eggs, beef liver, and chicken liver.
The following are minimally absorbed into the bloodstream following topical use, so are likely safe to use during pregnancy:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid (if applied to intact skin)
- Sunscreens (oxybenzone, octocrylene, octisalate)
- Tropical self-tanning products
- Hair color/Highlights – as long as you are in a well-ventilated area while color is being applied.
Avoid the following skincare products:
- Oil-based paint fumes
- Insecticides (OK to use Deet-containing insect repellant)
- Artificial sweeteners
- Exhaust fumes
- Large doses of vitamins
- Unusual herbs (Saint John’s Wort, Don Quai, Ginseng, Yarrow, Pennyroyal, Ephedra, Licorice Root)
- Cat feces (due to toxoplasmosis)